Explore Kerala to Know what “Diversity” means
SPARK HOLIDAYS (P) LTD.
Home About Us The Kerala Packages Where to Stay Feedback Contact Us
Name:
Email:
Mobile:
Nationality:
No. Of People:
Duration of Tours:
Query:

Wild life has never been as wild as it is in Kerala. Boasting of 12 wildlife sanctuaries, you can imagine the wildest of your dreams coming alive here. With elephants, mangolins, lions and leopards, roaming wild around you, take care to take your next step, for there might be a viper or monitor lizard a step ahead! Don’t forget to pack your binoculars, as you would be craving to watch the horizon for robins, fishing eagles, and fairy bluebirds!

Major Attractions
Visitor No.:
Packages

Most of Kerala, whose native habitat consists of wet evergreen rainforests at lower elevations and highland deciduous and semi-evergreenforests in the east, is subject to a humid tropical climate. however, significant variations in terrain and elevation have resulted in a land whosebiodiversity registers as among the world’s most significant. Most of Kerala's significantly biodiverse tracts of wilderness lie in the evergreen forests of its easternmost districts; coastal Kerala (along with portions of the east) mostly lies under cultivation and is home to comparatively little wildlife. Despite this, Kerala contains 9,400 km² of natural forests. Out of the approximately 7,500 km² of non-plantationforest cover, there are wild regions of tropical wet evergreen and semi-evergreen forests (lower and middle elevations — 3,470 km²), tropical moist and dry deciduous forests (mid-elevations — 4,100 km² and 100 km², respectively), and montane subtropical and temperate (shola) forests (highest elevations — 100 km²). Such forests together cover 24% of Kerala's landmass.Kerala also hosts two of the world’s Ramsar Convention-listed wetlands: Lake Sasthamkotta and the Vembanad-Kol wetlands are noted as being wetlands of international importance. There are also numerous protected conservation areas, including 1455.4 km² of the vast Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve.

Eastern Kerala’s windward mountains shelter tropical moist forests and tropical dry forests which are generally characteristic of the wider Western Ghats: crowns of giant sonokeling (binomial nomenclature: Dalbergia latifolia — Indian rosewood), anjili (Artocarpus hirsuta),mullumurikku (Erythrina), Cassia, and other trees dominate the canopies of large tracts of virgin forest. Overall, Kerala's forests are home to more than 1,000 species or trees. Smaller flora include bamboo, wild black pepper (Piper nigrum), wild cardamom, the calamus rattan palm (Calamus rotang — a type of giant grass), and aromatic Vetiver grass (Vetiveria zizanioides).

In turn, the forests play host to such major fauna as Asian Elephant (Elephas maximus), Bengal Tiger (Panthera tigris tigris), Leopard(Panthera pardus), and Nilgiri Tahr (Nilgiritragus hylocrius), and Grizzled Giant Squirrel (Ratufa macroura). More remote preserves, includingSilent Valley National Park in the Kundali Hills, harbor endangered species such as Lion-tailed Macaque (Macaca silenus), Indian Sloth Bear(Melursus (Ursus) ursinus ursinus), and Gaur (the so-called "Indian Bison" — Bos gaurus). More common species include Indian Porcupine(Hystrix indica), Chital (Axis axis), Sambar (Cervus unicolor), Gray Langur, Flying Squirrel, Swamp Lynx (Felis chaus kutas), Boar (Sus scrofa), a variety of catarrhine Old World monkey species, Gray Wolf (Canis lupus), Common Palm Civet (Paradoxurus hermaphroditus)

Many reptiles, such as king cobra, viper, python, various turtles and crocodiles are to be found in Kerala — again, disproportionately in the east. Kerala has about 453 species of birds such as the Sri Lanka Frogmouth (Batrachostomus moniliger), Oriental Bay Owl, large frugivores like the Great Hornbill (Buceros bicornis) and Indian Grey Hornbill, as well as the more widespread birds such as Peafowl, Indian Cormorant,Jungle and Hill Myna, Oriental Darter, Black-hooded Oriole, Greater Racket-tailed and Black Drongoes, bulbul (Pycnonotidae), species ofKingfisher and Woodpecker, Jungle Fowl, Alexandrine Parakeet, and assorted ducks and migratory birds. Additionally, freshwater fish such askadu (stinging catfish — Heteropneustes fossilis)[4] and brackishwater species such as Choottachi (orange chromide — Etroplus maculatus; valued as an aquarium specimen) also are native to Kerala's lakes and waterways.

Kerala Wildlife
Wildlife more…

S.No.

Name of Sanctuaries & National Parks

Area in Km2

Year of Formation

District

1

Periyar Tiger Reserve

925

1950

Idukki

2

Neyyar Wildlife Sanctuary

128

1958

Thiruvananthpuram

3

Peechi - Vazhani Wildlife Sanctuary

125

1958

Thrissur

4

Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary

285

1973

Palakkad

5

Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary

344.44

1973

Wayanad

6

Idukki Wildlife Sanctuary

70

1976

Idukki

7

Eravikulam National Park

97

1978

Idukki

8

Peppara Wildlife Sanctuary

53

1983

Thiruvananthpuram

9

Thattekkad Bird Sanctuary

25

1983

Ernakulam

10

Shendurney Wildlife Sanctuary

171

1984

Kollam

11

Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary

90.44

1984

Idukki

12

Chimmony Wildlife Sanctuary

85

1984

Thrissur

13

Silent Valley National Park

89.52

1984

Palakkad

14

Aralam Wildlife Sanctuary

55

1984

Kannur

15

Pampadum Shola National Park

1.318

2003

Idukki

16

Mathikettan Shola National Park

12.817

2003

Idukki

17

Anamudi Shola National Park

7.5

2003

Idukki

18

Mangalavanam Bird Sanctuary

0.027

2004

Ernakulam

19

Kurinjimala Sanctuary

32

2006

Idukki

20

Choolannur Pea Fowl Sanctuary

3.42

2007

Palakkad

21

Kadalundi Vallikunnu Community Reserve

1.5

2007

Kozhikkode&Malappur am

22

Malabar Wildlife Sanctuary

74.215

2010

Kozhikkode

 

Total:

2835.0284

 

 

1

Agasthyamala Biosphere Reserve

1701

2002

 

2

Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve

1455.4

 

 

Gallery
Fairs & Festivals
Copyright © 2012 Webmakers Marketing. All Rights Reserved. Powered by Webmakers Marketing
Follow us on